Tag Archives: researchers

Is Context Between Dog’s Health and Water?

When it comes to the water’s role in health, we know that no live organism can exist, operate without water. That’s how it is, an instance of that is that the water is the main component of the human body. An adult human’s body contains around 60-70% water. For example, if one weights 176 pounds, his body contains about 14,3 gal water. Well, you may find similar rates in our dogs, too. So, there is a straight context between dog’s health and the water.

Water Needs

dog-drinks-waterAs researchers have shown, your family dog’s physique comprises around of 70% water. By losing all the fats and 50% of protein of its body has less impact than he cannot get water for two days or more. It can be fatal for him if the water in your canine’s body is reduced to one tenth.

With a view to survive, an adult canine requires – at a minimum – two milliliters of water projected to each pound weight daily. That’s when considering 1 ounce contains 30 milliliters of water. However, that two milliliters are only enough for your animal to produce urine within his body.

Importance of Water

Without sufficient water vital for urine providing, your family dog or whatever canine won’t be able to live. When you are providing an infinite amount of water, your canine will consume a lot more than that two millimeters required. That is particularly true if you always provide fresh water to him.

Handing your doggie merely the smallest amount of water each day could also be sufficient for him to outlive, although not for long. Shortage in water injures the system and terminates its functions progressively. He’ll ultimately become weak, come down with a disease, and decease.

Water Utilizing Ways In Dog’s Body

The advantage of providing your family dog enough water compared to the smallest amount wanted is that its system can use that multi-mode (just like in humans).

1) The water facilitates the digesting and the process of taking nutrients from the food.

2) Our dog’s system is using the water to eliminate fuel, and that is transformed into energy.

3) You can more easily sustain the standard temperature of your dog’s physique by ingesting enough water as well.

4) Consuming sufficient water replaces the fluids which might be lost in our dog’s body by excretion.

5) The water also requires to mix various kinds of chemical substances within dog’s systems. Namely, the distinct chemical reactions ensure the dissolving and remodeling those components.

6) The water also is a transport device at the same time. It takes the nutrients to the cellular structures and in addition carries poisonous waste material from the cells to the organs for correct processing. With the lack of water, these organs won’t be able to eliminate toxic things off of the dog’s body.

7) In addition, the water is required to control the acid balance within the blood flow.

8) You may know the evergreen saying goes something like “Beauty comes from inside.” This applies to our dog’s mental health as well. Namely, if he or she is happy, and balanced, the vitality is radiating from every pore. That’s can be seen through its eyes, skin, nail, and hair condition too. And the sufficient water consumption has a big role in that as well.

My Take on It

Perhaps you can perceive from the above that the water is nearly always necessary for each function occurs within your favorite’s body. And as a result of its versatility plus the degree to which it’s utilized, water is regarded to be a crucial nutrient that’s needed for all kinds of dogs.

If your animal doesn’t get to water s/he can be died within a few days because of its dehydration. However, he can withstand the starvation; he will only be caught up by the fate when he runs out half its original weight. It’s obvious, there is a significant difference between the consequences of the lack of the two.

So giving my dog anything to eat; homemade food, meat, dry food or canned meals, I make sure fresh water is in front of her always. Especially in the summer when I’m out for several hours, I put enough fresh water in a couple of shaded places to let her drink. I never let the water bowl being empty, and I recommend you to do so as well.

P.S.: By reading this article, I hope you gained some insight related the role of water in your dog’s health. The comment section is open for your remark or question, take advantage of it. Thank You!

Meanings of the Wagging Tail

What do you perceive when you arrive home from your work? Your pet dog is fidgeting from her top to toes in all certainty. Her eyes are shining, and she pricks up her ears. Moreover, she expresses her joy with brief, high tone barks. It may happen that for some strange reason, you don’t realize these otherwise quite loud signals. Yet, you can find out your puppy’s momentary mood when you listen the wagging tail. The meanings of wagging tail is our today’s topic.

Yes, your dog can speak! Every dog has at least a dozen types of tail wagging in its body language toolbar. And each of them is intended to communicate with. There’s nothing else to do than you observe these movements and try to understand them correctly!

It is important to investigate and understand the wagging tail. The mode of expression for each species, and even individually can change. Take your time to observe how your dog reacts in certain situations. Consequently, learn the alphabet – a lot could depend on it, if you may have some trouble sometimes.

What Does the Tail Wagging Express?

wagging-tail-by-defensive-dogThe tail wagging can mean many things. Basically, people interpret those as the friendliness and willingness to get to know. However, if you are content with this, that greatly simplifies the matter. So, let’s learn about the different meanings.

In fact, your dog can wag his tail in many alternative ways, when he is communicating with you or other animals. The better you’re at studying your canine’s body-language, together with what he’s telling with its tail, the better you are able to know what canines say to you.

Scientists have found that it really makes a huge difference, whether your dog wags his tail to the left side and also to the right. They think that canines wag their tails to the right side if they are relaxed and pleased. While they are frightened, anxious and appear like running away, dogs wag their tails to the left direction according to researchers.

What the Researchers Found

As stated by the scientists, these would be the instances of the mode the various halves of the dog’s brain manage your dog’s feelings – or whatever mammal’s feelings. The scientists engaged in research examined thirty household canines to acquire these results. The animals contained 15 male dogs and same amount of females between the age of 1 and six years old.

They positioned every dog in a big black plastic-coated wooden box, so she, or he couldn’t see through. The scientists filmed every canine’s response to 4 completely different inducements:

– towards the canine’s owner,
– to a totally unknown person,
– toward some unfamiliar, dominant dog,
– and to a cat as well.

The dogs wagged to the right side if their owner arrived at the box. Canines wagged to the right-hand direction once they met the unfamiliar individual and the cat. The unknown people obtained much less wagging compared to the dogs’ homeowners. But, the wagging direction was nonetheless, just the right. A cat acquired even fewer wagging, but the wagging was directed towards the right.

But, as soon as the dogs faced the dominant, unfamiliar canine (a male Belgian Malinois aged 4-years old), the wagging tails turned into persistent towards left. Whenever the canines had been left on their own, their tails wagged as well as the left direction. Which can mean that they well-liked to obtain company.

Testing At Home

Rather than a laboratory test, in the real life it certainly is challenging to detect this left-right preconception. However, you could try it at your home and check out your dog wagging his tail towards the right-hand once you’re together. Alternatively, discover a cat and find out the direction your dog’s tail wagged. See just how he is wagging its tail when he faced never known before people.

If you meet strange canines, it is advisable to understand that an animal which wags his tail rigidly shows no friendship for you. A rigid tail wag is the same as getting through the feelings to becoming pleasant without actually meaning that. You ought to keep your guard in alert against this type dog.

Of course, bear in mind too, that different canines have totally distinct tails. It’s quite simple to observe the tail belonging to an Irish Setter. But, when seeing a Corgi you may find yourself in trouble to read its tail. Namely, that is typically born without it or docked to short form immediately a birth. All the time you need to strive to understand the remainder of dog’s body-language to verify their attitudes.

My Observations

* Excited tail wagging. It’s like when your child jumping with abandon. The dog’s tail flutter forth and back without stopping, the whole body is a great effervescence. He shows off the happiness and fun this way.

* Careful wagging. If your dog is unsure, his tail will move back and forth parallel to the ground. But, it is important to mention that the pace is slow. Furthermore, in general, the dog lowers his head a bit.

* Subordinated wagging. In contrast to alpha males, a cringing dog lowers his tail and doesn’t really move it. He can even hide it between its legs to indicate the surrender.

* Defensive wagging. Beware of the dog listening intently, whose tail is up. This is the typical posture of the ready to attack guard dog.

* Dominant tail wagging. The alpha male indicates with tail movement that the managing role is his. He’s raising its tail up and wagging back and forth in quick strokes.

P.S.: Are you familiar with the meanings of tail wagging? Do you remember a time when that knowledge was useful for you? We want to know your thoughts on this topic, and would be glad to read it in the comments. Thank You!

What Your Dogs Dream About?

Anyone – who has seen a dog sleep in a long time – can recognize that dogs are also dreaming. Their twitching or whimpers so can be inherent in dreams, as in humans. You may also agree that – between the foot jerks reminder running – your dogs possibly chasing a rabbit in their dreams. Alternatively, they are doing something similar dog thing. Because these topics are close to each other, this entry about dog dreaming follows my earlier posts on dog sleeping place and dog houses.

Structure of Your Dogs’ Brain

On the structural degree, the canine brains are kind of like those of humans. Additionally, the dogs’ brain wave samples are identical that of individuals, throughout the sleep. And they undergo the similar phases of electrical actions found in people. All of these is in line with the concept that canines are dreaming.

Rather, it would be much surprising if it turned out the dogs aren’t do that. Namely, the researchers of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have shown in rats that they’re dreaming. Although, the dogs are much more advanced in intelligence aspect than the rats are.

A large part of the dreaming that we humans simply do during the night is related to the actions that we just engaged in the day. The identical appeared to be the thing in rats. Therefore, any time a rat ran a complex labyrinth daytime he could be anticipated to dream about it at night.

Tests Results in Rats and Dogs

The researchers took electric samples from rats’ brain, while those learned the labyrinth during the day. And later, when the rats were in a stage of sleep in which people tend to dream, the researchers found similar brain-wave patterns identical to daytime.

These patterns were so clearly visible that the researchers also could  tell in addition where the rat would be in the labyrinth if it were awake. The brain of your dogs is built the way like a human. The two researchers – Kenway Louie and Matthew Wilson – have observed the same brain waves and brain activity with the sleeping dogs than in humans.


what-your-dogs-dream-aboutTherefore, we can assume bravely that – during sleep – the dog’s brain is processing the day’s events in the same manner than humans. That is with the help of dreams. The researchers also demonstrated that, of course.

They deactivated that part of the brainstem in the dogs, which regulates to not to perform the series of events seen in our sleep. The dogs then began to move, when they arrived into to dream stage of the sleep. There was a dog, which immediately began to look for its toys, and another wanted to catch a bird.

Without the results of the researchers certainly you know a story that proves that your dogs have dreams. Your dog can do dreaming about something occupied him during the day. Then the rabbit or medullary bone rather he may dream about the nasty barking of the neighbor’s dog if the anxiety arising from that left a mark on his soul.

How to Perceive Your Dogs Dreaming

When your dog’s sleep turns into deeper, his respiratory will become somewhat more regular. As time passes of roughly twenty to 30 minutes for a median-sized canine, his first dream ought to begin. You’ll perceive the transition, namely; his breathing turns into irregular and shallow.

You may notice strange muscle twitches, and you may also discover as – behind its closed lids – the canine’s eyes shifting if you gaze intently enough. The dog eyes are moving since the animal is definitely taking a look at the dream pictures almost like they were actual images of the world.

These eye actions are most attribute of a sleep contains a dream.

My Experience

II often noticed this on my dogs as well. I’m convinced that our dogs can have an evil dream, especially those canines that got a soul injury. I have often seen my Husky dog sleeping with whimpering, almost crying, at beginning when he got to me.

I brought him out of the shelter as the fifth owner. If he had trouble waking up, he had the same languid eyes and was confused as anyone who is awakened from a nightmare.

You can read on almost every forum, not to wake up your sleeping dog. That’s because it can mess up their sense of reality. There really is no need to wake them up when you see that moving their feet or give a yelp.

But, sometimes I used to wake up mine when I see she has a very bad dream. I also relieved when someone wakes me up when I’m dreaming evil.

P.S.: Are you observing your dog when he is sleeping? If yes, what are your experiences? What are your thoughts related to dogs dreaming? As we’re curious, we would like to read your stories in the comments. Thank You!

The Hungarian Kuvasz Dog Breed

It doesn’t develop a flattering picture about the Kuvasz dog breed in public mind. And without good reasons, I believe. Aggressive, vicious, unpredictable – you may hear these mostly from those amateurs who don’t know enough about this breed. That opinion is based on their misunderstanding – I’m sure. This dog only does his job which people bred him for: to protect his owner, his family and its values. Let’s look at him a little closer.

How the Kuvasz Story Started?

The Kuvasz is one of the ancient Hungarian sheepdog breeds. According to history, the Komondor, the Kuvasz, the Puli and the Magyar Agár (Hungarian Greyhound) was probably the loyal companions of Árpád’s people settled in the Carpathian basin around the 895th year. The Magyars used this dog to guard their flock against wolves and robbers.

Ergo, this incorruptible, brave and hard dog breed is the part of the Hungarian heritage. At least, a thousand year’s past circulates in his veins. How old this dog breed can be, is a basis of different theories.

Nevertheless, one thing is certain. Archeologists – led by John Matolcsy – found a fossilized, 9th century Kuvasz-type dog skeleton at Fenékpuszta by Keszthely, Hungary in 1978.

The interesting thing is that the formal appearance of the discovery is almost same than the modern Kuvasz. This archeological find proves that this dog can be identified as one of the most ancient canine breeds. Namely, the existence of few breeds can be a little earlier than the 9th century only.

Of course, excavations have been carried out elsewhere, too. For example, bone artifacts are derived from Northern Iraq area already from the 7th millennium BC. Those finds refer for the existence of a strong structured sheepdog similar to Kuvasz at that time.

The guarding dogs were almost the same size as Kuvasz existed on the Eurasian steppes in several color variations. But, most researchers consider the white version of the most ancient form. The same Central Asian environmental impacts and natural selection aspects resulted in a sheepdog breed with similar internal and external properties.

The migratory flows started at different times from the Asian steppes toward West. Naturally, the dogs marched with their tribes as well. The way of life of dogs was very hard like the nomadic tribes. The successful survival required a solid body, strength and probably certain wildness.

Why were these dogs essential for the semi-nomadic Hungarians at that time? On one hand, the public safety wasn’t perfect then – to put it mildly. Moreover, the Hungarians have cattle, horses and other flocks for which other people yearn. On the other hand, don’t forget the wolves and other predators as well.

The two large and white shepherd guard dogs (the Komondor and the Kuvasz) protect people, herds, studs and flocks from predators and robbers. Namely, the shepherd alone wasn’t able to perform this task because he wasn’t sufficiently vigilant, nor strong enough.

Let me mention the hunting as an important use of the Kuvasz from the age of Árpád to the beginning of the XX century. It proves his versatility that this dog was also used to bison hunting. Moreover, he had to survive the wild boar as well. So, we can conclude, it isn’t just any kind of dog breed.



It belongs to the strong, curly-haired, big sort of dogs. Its coat is straight or quite wavy and mostly white or ivory colored. Nobility and strength that his pleasing appearance beams to the outside world. The landscapes of his body are proportional, not elongated and not squat too.

Its body length slightly exceeds the height. His back is a medium length. Its loin is short and strong. The rump is broad, robust and somewhat sloping. Its rump is equipped with rich fur, so this animal may seem a bit overweight. The withers is longer and higher than the back.

Its hanging tail is set low, continued to its hocks, and the end is slightly curved upwards. His chest is deep; the front part of his chest is rising due to the muscles and the sternum. This dog’s belly is slightly tucked up.

The bones of the Kuvasz are strong, without coarseness. This animal has lean muscles and dry joints. Nonetheless, he isn’t bulky, and he is light-footed and nimble compared to his size. The appearance of this dog reflects his tireless workload anyway.

His head is typical wedge-shaped, in harmony with the body, attractive and noble. The skull is elongated, even so, never pointed. His lips are black and tensed, with a scalloped edge at the corner of the mouth. He has been regular, strong teeth with complete scissor bite closing. In optimal case the palate has dark complexion.

The dog’s eyes are slanted, almond shaped as well as dark brown colored. His ears are on top of the head from the continuation of a straight horizontal stems. The top third withdraws from the head slightly, then they’re flat completely.

The ears of the Kuvasz are forming a V shape. When the canine is in observing position, his ears flapped. However, his ears do not standing up and don’t cork-screwing.

The skin of this animal has a lot of pigment, and is tight. The color of the dog’s skin is slate gray. His nose, and the eye-lids are black. The pads are black or slate gray colored.

How big is this dog? The Kuvasz is a large and powerfully built breed.

Height at the withers:    Males: 71-76 cm (28 to 30 in)    Females: 66-70 cm (26 to 28 in)

Weight:             Males: 48-62 cm (100 to 115 lbs)    Females: 37-50 kg (70 to 90 lbs)


The Hungarian Kuvasz is a courageous and fearless dog breed. He protects the persons and properties entrusted to his care, whether at the cost of his life. He is self-respecting, thus in case of abuse it turns into coarsened. And that is NOT the dog’s fault.

He is loyal, reliable, loves his surroundings and his owner. It requires a large place, due to the size of him. This canine is undemanding; his care is simple, and he can face up to the harshest weather. Like us, humans, this dog is grateful for the love and care.

He is a shrewd, docile breed; you can train him to the guard-work easily. I’ve to mention here that due to their high pain threshold and reliable character, these canines tolerate very well the company of kids. But, due to its strength, size and independence, I don’t recommend you to consign the care to your toddlers.

Moreover, you should be aware that the Kuvasz is eager to protect all the people and animals of the family. That also means that he protects your children against foreign children who might hurt yours. So, be careful!

He is distrustful to strangers because of his protective character. But, I assure you, if someone provokes him, he’ll attack almost immediately. Of course, this behavior may be familiar to you from the human world, I think.

He behaves as a dominant with other dogs, and would never let a challenge go unanswered. But, this dog breed is good with other pets if they’re raised together.

Many think; the Kuvasz is an unpredictable, aggressive dog. However, I don’t share this opinion based on my long experience. He’s a normal, manageable, kid-loving dog, if someone gave him ordinary treatment. And I also know that the people are those who don’t choose a right dog for themselves or ruin that animal they brought home earlier.

The intelligence of the Kuvasz is above average. Contrary to popular belief, this dog is gentle and kind, though usually only to his owner’s family. This famous Hungarian sheepdog relaxed than its close relative, the Komondor.

I would say, this animal is not for everyone, mainly not for an inexperienced, first-time owner. This dog requires hard but fair and not coarse treatment just as the Rottweilers. This animal doesn’t bark unnecessarily, but if he barks, it’s advisable to look after the reason.

He feels good for himself in the outdoors; it’s best with a big yard. Because of his need of movement, he is the ideal jogging fellow to you for example. Besides the physical exercises you need to provide him mental challenges as well.

The Kuvasz requires a balanced, calm, clear and consistent teaching. It is not for everyone; the prospective owner should be mentally and physically strong. However, this doesn’t mean that the education methods should be violent.

On the contrary! This dog can learn easily in a harmonious environment, at hand of such a person who doesn’t stifle the canine’s own initiative. The relationship between the Kuvasz and you, the owner will be balanced only, if it is built on the mutual respect and trust.

The condition of that is that you need to spend a lot of time on the rearing and care of the given animal. I don’t recommend you to keep him inside. One reason is the aforementioned desire for freedom; this dog needs enough space.

The other reason is that you probably wouldn’t be happy with the intensive hair losing in the molting period. Anyway, it has normal grooming need, but you can neglect a little the frequent stripping and trimming if you don’t take him to shows.

Typically, it’s not specific medical condition afflicting these large dogs. The exception is the hip dysplasia, which can occur in them. Anyway, they are not really prone to be ill.

Me and the Kuvasz

This animal is one of the dogs of my childhood. I remember a beautiful white female Kuvasz dog; Swan was her name. My family possessed different domestic animals, and I found pleasure to look after them. This also was good in that aspect that I learned liability as a child.

It belonged to my duties to clean the bowl Swan used for eating and drinking. I observed as my Mom prepared Swan’s meals and contributed sometimes, too. Of course, I cleaned up her potty, and checked the texture as I taught.

I remember, how Swan and I played together with a piece of string or a stick. Running in the big yard and rolling on the meadow belonged to our common fun. She had enough energy to weary me. Swan took care of me, and I taught by the parents not to be rude in the game.

Unfortunately, as I grew up, she had aged too. I felt very bad when Swan left us. The loss affected me so deeply that I decided I will no longer have this kind of dog.

But, I didn’t become completely unfaithful to this breed. Because I regularly meet and talk with other dog people and there is a Kuvasz owner among them as well. When I discover Kuvasz dogs on dog shows, they always remind me to my childhood friend.

Anyway, two doors down there is a female Kuvasz dog, it’s two years old now. We have got to know each other already, although I’m not a member of that family. And I often consult with the owner. Maybe I’ll get one doggie from this breed in the future. Who knows?

Finally, I hope, by reading this entry you have come closer to understanding what these precious animals might mean for you during their 10  –  14-year longevity.

Photo Credit: http://besnyofalvi-kuvaszok.mindenkilapja.hu/gallery/19680908/renderimage/748778/

The Dangerous Dog Classification Is Real?

Calling dangerous dog all individuals of a certain canine breed rather than any other species of another type is real? Of course, when people hear about a dog attack in the news, they look up suddenly. People want to know what kind of canine it was. Although they often cannot remember the circumstances, but folks just claim that’s a dangerous dog. Taking this chance, I want to pour clean water into the glass here.

Authority Measures


Dangerous dog isn’t born rather becomes due to the weakness of an owner. Of course, I understand that  authorities have taken steps to implement more and more safety measures. To make it mandatory to wear a leash in public areas is absolutely legitimate expectation I believe. Think about it; using the leash, the dog owners and the outsiders get manifold advantages.

Dog owners (include me) don’t only protect our environment with that.  We also defend ourselves and our dogs. We stand for ourselves from the dispute arising. We protect us from the fines and the killer look by non-dog-lovers. And protect our dogs from the escape, run over by car and other hazards.

As a responsible and empathetic dog owner we need to keep respect for people who are afraid of dogs. That way, they can feel themselves safer. But, I think; the muzzle is a different story, however. Whether it may be a source of the prejudice from part of the non-dog-fan people.

Imagine that one outsider sees a canine walking on a tight leash equipped with a muzzle. Chances are he tend to call it dangerous dog immediately – just based on the appearance. Consequently, one try to avoid it in good distance. There may be a case when the owner knows that his dog may be aggressive for other people or dogs. If this is so, then he must put a muzzle on his dog, that’s evident.

In addition, many other questions can arise within us. Wondering, the animal control inspector – while checking public spaces – to what extent knows the different dog breeds.  Because, I think it wouldn’t be very realistic, if someone examines whether he rightly punishes or not by leafing through a dog adverb book in his hand.

Statistics and Research on ‘Dangerous Dog’

How do they establish a precise “composition” of a mix dog? Namely. that is often can be problematic even to the most practiced eye. However, it would be nice to test the fined person with a little breed recognition game. Namely, I’m faced daily that the average passerby how little knows the different dog breeds.

I read a statistic somewhere on the net. It says 279 (registered) fatal dog attacks occurred between 1979 and 1994 in the United States. When the data comes to light, people at the University of Pennsylvania began a research entitled ‘Animal Interactions In Society’.

The four aspects they examined the dogs were;

– showed aggression toward owner,

– aggression against strangers,

– aggression towards other dogs and

– rivalry with other canines.

They studied and scored the different dogs for years. Then they compiled a list based on 15 most dangerous dog breeds (e.g. Chihuahua, Papillon, Dachshund, Lhasa Apso, Jack Russell Terrier, etc.).

The authors of the study, however, made it clear that all individuals of all different breeds have distinctive personalities. Consequently, they can be aggressive in distinct extent in the unlike situations.


The researchers found that greater emphasis should be placed on the investigation of reasons and situations that make a dangerous dog. For example; abuse, neglect, keeping on chain, anger, poor education, lack of training, emergency and fright. Other reasons can be fear, insufficient socialization, mother dog protecting her cubs, injury, illness, physical pain.

This study also demonstrates that cannot be categorically claimed that any species of a breed is a dangerous dog. People prone to judge a breed based on appearance or the assumptions and beliefs associated with it. I think that could be called “dog racism” calmly. Please, a dangerous dog is not a biological but a human product.

Though the basic animal temperament, inherited tendency to aggression and habits affect a dog’s personality. But tragedy can happen only if the control slips out of the hand of the owner. Of course, easier to say that a dog unmanageable and dangerous than the owner admit they cannot  handle their own dog.

(Note: I believe that every person should know the limits of himself and his dog. Also should know the features of breed they want to keepbefore bringing it home. I experienced – when worked in a shelter – how little is the knowledge of the owner who gave in their dog as unmanageable.

I also observed quite a few people chose a dog guided by a sudden emotion. In this case, it happens that some fad directs their decision. Problem is they cling to their idea without really listening to the staff recommendation. Not all dogs fit to every prospective owner. And if you aren’t firm enough then don’t choose a breed which expressly requires that.)

The prejudice that they are inherently dangerous is stuck on some breeds. Sad to say, but these dogs always get the role of the evil in the movies, too. Seeing the behavior of Cesar Millan’s dogs, no one can doubt that any breed can be a correct and real companion – only the human attitude matters.

My Conclusion

It can be clearly state on the basis of the above, the breed-based classification doesn’t lead anywhere. Any canine’s behavior can be classified only individually. And which is a dangerous dog would be acceptable on that basis only. Moreover, the importance of education and quality of home conditions shouldn’t be overlooked.

Any canine could be dangerous when his owner treats him as a human and not a dog. Any entity could become a dangerous dog if the owner doesn’t pay enough attention to socialization. It could be harmful any canine when his owner try to discipline it with beating and kicking.

Any pooch can become dangerous dog if their owner is unable to control. However, not the dogs represent the real threat to the society, but also the man himself. Human ignorance and irresponsibility are what is really dangerous.

Dog Eyes – Specific World Seeing Devices? 1

How dog eyes are functioning; many people actually don’t spend a great deal of time to think about. Sometimes I wonder, what kind of creature the human is? We fully take it given that our eye shapes the light and shadow into a visible picture for us. Let’s see how it is with dogs.

Of course, I don’t want you to miss amusing things in connection with dog eyes. Fact is, our dogs are able to see the world around them. I just want to help you the prospective owner in your pre-choosing thinking. You should know if a certain kind of dog breed is suitable for you by its vision.

What Were the Previous Opinions About Dog Eyes?

As I remember from my studies, mainly the eyesight assists the major part of living creatures in orientation. Of course, their vision differs in many ways, from the color perception to the pattern recognition. The picture resolution and the stereoscopic vision ability are also differed.

In the recent years, researchers obtained increasing number of information about the animal’s vision. Due to this, there is a possibility to cut a lot of early misconceptions. Because of these researches, we got closer to understand how the dog eyes reflecting the world.


dog and human vision scale comparison

Nearly all the mammals are almost like seeing the world as a human. For a long time held the view itself that  – except the anthropoid monkeys and humans – most mammals are color blind. Recent research, however, revealed that this was not exactly the case.

In earlier researches scientists have shown that dogs (and cats) are seeing about two colors only. From these surveys, however, the researchers weren’t able to say – without a doubt – what colors see the dogs. That was the reason they carried out the behavioral tests.

Dog Eyes In Recent Reviews

They discovered from these tests that the dogs just see the way as the red-green color blind human. In other words, they perceive yellow, blue and gray colors. Consequently, dogs perceive red things as yellow-beige and the green colored things as beige-white. Actually, that’s a shadow of the gray color, as the above picture shows.

It also turned out that the canines are much less sensitive to variations in gray shades than humans. And likewise, they can perceive luminosity (amount of light) at about half precise as the humans.

Ergo, dogs aren’t color-blind in that sense as the scientists thought earlier. They just don’t see the world so colorful as us humans. The question arises evidently, are these differences restrain the dog in carrying out its duties?

We have to say it doesn’t really. Namely, the good old nature (and the conscious breeding) blessed the dogs with the sense of hearing and scenting.  From that the sight received a secondary role in their daily life.

When it comes to the seeing ability in the dark, it’s known that dogs are much better in that than humans. The anatomy of the eyes of a dog can give you an explanation to a lot of issues.

The Anatomy of Dog Eyes

Dog-eyes-anatomy-pictureTo understand the dog eyes, let’s have a look at their anatomy. The retina has two types of light-sensitive cells: rods and cones. The ratio of cone type cells in the dog’s retina is 95%. And the cone type cells are very sensitive to the light.

According to the veterinarians I spook with, dogs see four times better than humans due to the large number of this type of light-sensitive cells. The reason that why the dog’s eyes look shining in the dark is the light reflection through the tapetum lucidum.

That latin named thing is a mirror-like construction which is findable below the rod cells. It acts as an amplifier by reflecting focused light back through the rod cells. In addition, the different dog eyes have varied dimensions.

And there is a context between the diameter of dog eyes and their body dimension. A spread of 9.5 and 11.6 millimeters might be discovered between varied dog breeds. This deviation is fundamental and plays as an application towards excellent night-time vision.

Next part is here

A Bichon Frise Dog Is Favorite Always 2

Hello again!

The Art’s Contributions In Spreading Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise - deatil from Titian Venus and Cupid paintingI’m starting with this painting detail about a Bichon Frise. (The whole painting is: ‘Venus and Cupid, with an Organist’ and painted by Titian between 1548-50. You can see the whole painting in the Staatliche Museen, Berlin. Photo: Pignatti. http://bingweb.binghamton.edu/~eshephar/bichoninart/bichoninart2_p2.html)

The Bichon dogs were portrayed in a painting made by the medieval Italian painter Bernadio Pintoricchio, too. According to the researchers, strictly speaking Bernardino Betti Biagi (born in Perugia 1455, died in Siena 1513) within the 1400s.

The most important German painter, wood engraver and etcher, Albrecht Durer (born in Nuremberg 1471, died in Nuremberg 1528), also painted the Bichon canines as they clipped in the style at the time – when he labored in Italy in 1494.(The whole painting is: ‘Venus and Cupid, with an Organist’ and painted by Titian between 1548-50. You can see the painting in the Staatliche Museen, Berlin)

Furthermore, let’s mention Frans Snyders (born in Antwerpen 1579, died in Antwerpen 1657). He was the Flemish still-life painter, as well as a painter of animals and hunting scenes. He was on the job in Italy within the 1500s as well. In one of his paintings, he portrayed a Bichon Frise dog, too.

The earlier mentioned Spanish painter Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (born in Fuendetodos 1746, died in Bordeaux 1828) also showed an identical dog in his works.

Roller Coaster Effects In the History Of Bichon Brise

Madame de Pompadour was an intelligent, ambitious and wasteful woman, the lover of XV Louis and lived in the French court. She was born in Paris in 1721, and she not only patronized the arts and literature, but she laid the foundations of the porcelain industry. Moreover she figured more and more fun things out for the French King.

She was always there, just where was needed – as the cynics said. However, she rarely released without her pet, a Bichon Frise. The French ladies were enthusiastic about it, and of course all wanted to imitate her. Among other things, this included that they wanted to keep such a tousled head “snowball” under their feet.

Later, III Napoleon was reigned in France in the 1800s. And the interest kindled again among the aristocracy towards this type. However, then the fate takes a sharp turn to the Bichon from after that period to the first decades in the 1900s.

People at the time of the First World War looked for light entertainment.So, this dog found itself in the street, as an attendant of organ-grinder or a leader of blind beggars. And Bichons entertained the lover classes with all kinds of tricks in the circus and fairs.

The new turning point was when after the World War I, four breed fans in France took an interest in the Bichon Frise. They began the controlled breeding as well as the development of breeding lines. And the breed became favorite again.

The Official Acknowledging

Bichon Frise portraitThat led to the setting up of the first breed standard on March 5, 1933. The writer was the then-president of the Toy Breeds Club of France – in collaboration with the members of the Friends of the Belgian Breeds. And the French Kennel Club accepted that standardization.

But, it not yet solved all the aspects, because the breed featured by two names: Bichon and Tenerife. Madame de Leemans NIZET – the president of the FCI at the time – decided to name the dog to look for distinctive appearance. So, it became the “Bichon Frise”.

The word referred to the soft, curly fur of the dog. The French Kennel Club admitted officially these dogs to the register book in the next year, on October 18. And the FCI is also recognized it as Franco-Belgian breed.

Are you perceive the oddity? The Spanish Water Spaniel successor dog turned into French-Belgian.

Based on the data, 1956 was the year when the primary Bichons, Etoile de Steren Vor and Eddy White de Steren Vor, have been delivered to the United States by Mr. and Mrs. Francois Picault. The couple settled in mid-western United States where Etoile gave birth to her primary offspring in the next year.

Two breeders also gained some Bichon Frise in 1959 and 1960, at two different locations in the U.S., so it could begin the foundation of the breed history in America. This breed settled into the AKC provisional group (Miscellaneous Class) on 1971st September 1.

The next event was in the breed history when it got official registration by the AKC pedigree on October 2nd, 1972. At last, the Bichon became the full legal breed on April 4th, 1973 in the States. And if you search the pedigree in the United States, you can find many Etoile and Eddy names there.

Many of his admirers may don’t know that the “Bichonner” phrase – the French term of pampering – was used in connection to the Tenerife throughout the reigning of Henry III and finally grew to become “Bichon a Poil Frise”. And their curly coat gave the inspiration to the last word.

All in all, the chance is big that the Bichon Frise dogs all came from the shaggy Spanish spaniels and throughout hundreds of years developed into the attractive breeds, they’re nowadays. As it’s also likely that the different breeders who elevating Poodles and Maltese have been drawn to the Bichon Frise, in all probabilities due to the resemblance and likewise, for the differences.

To be continued next time,

The Hungarian Vizsla (Magyar Vizsla) Dog

The Hungarian Vizsla (Magyar Vizsla) is one of the number ones when it comes an all-round pointer-retriever breed. I was lucky enough to see one of them stiffen from a gallop to like being a sculpture, throw itself into water after wounded duck, working high-jumping methodically in a man’s height grass – because meanwhile, he must also observe his master! – and I will never forget this experience.

Where can you find the breed’s roots?

I’ve read that the Hungarian Vizsla dog breed originated from the past agglutinated closely to the history of the Hungarians. The Vizsla is talked about within the very early instances in Hungarian bygone. However, a precise origin is misplaced in the midst of ancient history of Europe.

It’s identified from researchers that his ancestors have been trusted and favorite hunting canines for the Magyars, who lived within the Carpathian Basin at the conquest. Ancestral stone etchings present the Magyar hunting people along with his falcon and his Vizsla during a thousand years.

The contemporary nobility and aristocracy preserved the Hungarian Vizsla bloodline solicitous manner for hundreds of years. They developed the hunting ability of these short-haired golden-rust colored pointer-type dogs continuously. Information of letters shows the excessive esteem wherein the Vizsla been held through the centuries.

From the fourteenth and fifteenth century, the forest of Hungarian Plain is gradually reduced. Therefore, the big game retreated toward the mountains. A new game species appeared on fields outside the villages. The small game like pheasant proliferated, and the harmless hunting of the little wild became popular – thus the work of this breed was necessary.

Then the one hundred and fifty years of Turkish rule occurred in Hungary. They also liked to hunt with their sand-yellow hunting canines. With some miraculous coincidence, the Hungarian and Turkish dogs fell in love with each other.

This mixing gave results in that the Magyar yellow hunting dog becomes more and more homogeneous. His regular, kennel-like breeding began in 1700 by the noble family of Zay, in Zayugróc, Trencin County.

This dog breed has survived several wars and conflicts. The significance of hunting is increased in the eighteenth century. At the end of the nineteenth century they organized pointer competitions in Hungary, in which more Hungarian Vizsla performed successfully.

The pointer likely played an important role in the breed development during that time. The modern, professional breeding of this dog began in 1920.

 What’s the Appearance of the Hungarian Vizsla?

Hungarian-vizsla-chasing-a-balllThis animal is a noble-looking, russet colored, short-haired or wire haired hunting dog. Elegant appearance, ease construction, and harmonic motion are characterizing the Hungarian Vizsla.

The head of this dog is dry, gentle, and proportionated. Its skull is moderately broad and slightly convex shaped. The muzzle is ending in well-developed flesh colored nose, the nostrils are wide. The jaws of this canine are well-developed and well muscled. Hes strong teeth are closing in complete scissor bite.

This breed’s eyes are slightly oval and the lids are well closed. Its look is bright and expresses intelligence. The eye color harmonizing with the coat color shades of brown, it is preferred if the darker.

The Hungarian Vizsla has mid-lengthy ears, set slightly back and middle high; they lie flat on the face. They are hanging closely to the cheeks, and ending in a rounded V shape.

His neck is a medium length, well muscled, slightly arched, without dewlap. It fits at the middle height of his body. His chest is middle-deep and broad; the length reaches the elbow. The belly is slightly tucked up.

The dog’s tail is set on slightly low, medium thick and tapering. It’s only somewhat curved, ca. reaching to the hock. Front limbs are straight, robust boned, and well-muscled. The strong toes are closed, slightly oval, and the pads are hard, slate-gray. Nails are solid and brown colored.

The Hungarian Vizsla is middle big dog, its withers high is between 50 – 60 centimeters (19 – 23.5 inches). His weight is generally around 20 – 26 kilograms (44 – 58 lb), but some burly species even reaches the 77 lb too.

Let’s see some behavior aspects

I heard from people who own it to state; the Hungarian Vizsla is the most intelligent, best tied to his master and multi-faceted among the pointers. He can charm you off your feet with his beauty and affection. He has calm temperament, likes the people, ergo; you can keep him inside your house, mainly the short haired one.

The wire hairy version is generally in the hands of hunters, that not spread as favorites. Nevertheless, no matter how short haired is he, it is a HOUND primarily. Consequently, his main source of joy is the hunting.

I was fortunate enough to be in hunting events as guest, and can only say I understand the hunters’ enthusiasm. Namely, I saw those activities I wrote about above. If you hadn’t experienced those performances, you could say that they are biased towards their dog.

That’s why you might like to see them in action. The Hungarian Vizsla is considered among the most versatile, which alone carries out the Pointers, Setters and other gundog work, so he is a true all-rounder. He must hold his own with water, fields and woods equally.

This dog breed has an excellent sense of smell. They feel the airborne odors up to 150 meters too – of course depending up on the conditions such as humidity, wind speed, temperature. So, they find the wounded beast easily and “Stop” that from appropriate distance.

When the beast moves then the hunter should decide whether to shoot the wild or not. Meantime the Vizsla must be to stay in one place. Then he brings the game shot by the hunter to front of his master.

The short-haired Hungarian Vizsla is not only hunting dog, but also the family and the children’s favorite playmate. Namely, his intelligence and adaptability make it suitable for both. He is a calm, kind, sensitive canine; however, hard to bear the rough treatment.

Even so, when he feels your love, he would bring you the starts from the sky. In case you prefer the great outdoor moving and exercising, a Vizsla could be the best match for your family.

It’s veery easy to teach him, but it is not suitable for watchdog. Why am I saying that? Because, he is fanning the sneak around like as he would be a close friend.


I advise you to consider the Hungarian Vizsla your reliable partner, feel free to discuss them with your human problems. He will not release you; in him, you’ll never be disappointed. Give him meaningful tasks and enjoy his fidelity in return.